Tag Archives: larchmont

What’s Causing Your Acne?

What’s Causing Your Acne?Whats-Causing-Your-Acne

Thought you’d waved goodbye to those pimples in your teens? Think again.

Adult acne is on the rise, with one recent study revealing that more than 25% of women in their 40s and 15% of women in their 50s suffer from embarrassing and painful break-outs.

Acne is caused when an excess of the skin’s natural oil (sebum) combines with dead skin cells to block the pores. These blocked pores can then become infected by bacteria that feeds on sebum.

In just the same way that hormones wreak havoc on our skin during the teenage years so, too, are they the main culprit as we hit middle age. This is because testosterone triggers higher sebum production, and as we get older, we produce less estrogen to balance our body’s production of testosterone. Cue more unsightly blemishes.

Acne Develops From Stress On the Skin.

Acne specialist Dr Stefanie Williams says: “Adult acne is at epidemic levels. Increased stress caused by the pace of work and modern life, can all cause or aggravate acne.”

But there are also many other, lesser known, triggers that help unwelcome acne spots to appear.

Clearer-Skin-Care-Acne-Tips

Causes of Adult Acne?

Nasty workout gear & yoga mats:

PROBLEM: Your workout is great for your body, but could be terrible for your skin, especially on your back, chest and shoulders. This is because of “acne mechanica” or “friction acne” as it’s otherwise known, which occurs when tight clothing or straps hold sweat against the skin. The irritation increases sebum production in pores, which leads to whiteheads, blackheads and pimples.

So the helmet you’ve worn while you’re cycling; your sports bra strap or even your tight gym top could all be making your skin break out.

Also watch out for your yoga mat. Bacteria from the floor, feet and sweat can accumulate and transfer to your face.

In a 2012 study from the New York University School of Medicine, gym surfaces were found to be infected with a bacterium that can cause acne, boils and folliculitis. Folliculitis is an infection of the hair follicles which causes a nasty acne-like attack of red spots.

Acne Prevention Tip:

First, put a clean towel over your gym or yoga mat when you work out. Wipe down equipment before use. Ensure your gym kit is clean and made of breathable “wickable” materials that hold moisture away from your body.

If you prefer natural fabrics, look for bamboo and cotton mixes which do the same. Make sure nothing’s too tight so sweat doesn’t get trapped and the skin isn’t irritated. Have several sports bras of different styles and use a different one each time so you don’t get rubbing in the same place.

Afterwards, always shower to remove sweat and bacteria, and put on clean clothes. If your acne is painful, see your dermatologist. If it is itchy, ask for anti-fungal treatments and use an anti-dandruff shampoo as a body wash in the shower.

Is Your Shampoo Causing Acne?

Oily shampoos

PROBLEM: Acne caused by oily shampoos, conditioners and styling products is so common, it has its own name: “pomade acne”.

Cosmetic dermatologist Dr Rachael Eckel says: “As they are rinsed out in the shower, oily, rich shampoos and conditioners drip over the forehead, shoulders and back, causing acne.

“They can also cause folliculitis, the itchy, acne-like outbreak of spots, on the upper back.”

Greasy hair-styling products can do the same as they tend to transfer from the hair to the skin, especially around the hairline, blocking pores and irritating skin. This is even more likely if you have a fringe, perhaps cut to cover spots in the first place.

Acne Prevention Tip:

Wash and condition your hair at the beginning of your shower and rinse immediately. Then tie your hair up and wash your face and body to remove any oil left behind.

“I encourage patients who are breaking out in new areas, like the forehead or temples, to double-check their hair care products for oily and pore-clogging ingredients like coconut oil, and eliminate them,” says cosmetic surgeon Dr Sam Bunting.

Avoid hair oils completely if you are acne-prone. Try a light, oil-free shampoo.

Acne & Harsh Anti-Ageing CreamCauses of Adult Acne?-Tips-Skincare-Solutionss

PROBLEM: The pressure to stay looking young means skincare creams can be too intensive, too rich or too unsuited to many women’s skin.

“Women today are much more concerned about anti-ageing,” says Dr Williams. “However, often these creams are far too heavy for their skin type and end up blocking pores and causing acne.”

Acne Prevention Tip:

If you have oily skin or acne, avoid putting anything with oil on your face, especially almond oil, apricot kernel oil and oleic acid — a fatty acid found in olive and grape seed oil.

Beware of heavy, pore-blocking — and, therefore, acne-causing —ingredients such as lanolin and cocoa butter particularly if they’re one of the main ingredients.

But beware of the moisturizing agents like Isopropyl isostearate and Isopropyl myristate, used to make cosmetics “feel creamy”.

Try lotions which tackle both ageing and acne.

Drinking Skimmed Equals More Acne

Skim Milk Causing Acne Outbreak

PROBLEM: If you eat a lot of bread and pasta and have swapped full-fat milk for skimmed, you could be damaging your skin.

“As you hit your 40s and 50s, you can become insulin-resistant, which means your body is less able to metabolize sugar,” says Dr Williams. “Starchy foods such as bread and pasta are broken down in the body so they are indistinguishable from liquid sugar. High blood sugar stimulates insulin which can worsen inflamed acne.”

Milk may also be troublesome. While all types of milk are linked with increased acne, a 2007 study found skimmed is the worst.

Women who drank the equivalent of two or more glasses of skimmed milk per day were 22 percent more likely to develop ordinary acne, and 44 percent more likely to develop cystic acne, which causes painful, large and deep spots that don’t come to a head.

Why? Nobody is sure, but it is likely to be because milk contains hormones which can cause an imbalance in human hormones.

The key culprit may be insulin-like growth factor-1, or IGF-1, a natural hormone which seems to increase skin cell growth in the lining of the pores, which then become blocked.

It’s thought that processing milk by removing fat may remove the hormone estrogen which is stored in fat and protects against the male hormones that cause acne.

Acne Prevention Tip:

Stick to a low GI diet — which is rich in high-fiber foods which release sugar slowly into the blood stream, thereby keeping blood glucose levels steady. Also switch to unsweetened almond milk which does not contain hormones.

Cutting out sugar and all starchy, grain-based foods, including bread, pasta, and breakfast cereals. Instead, eating unprocessed protein such as fish, meat and eggs, lots of vegetables and fruit in moderation.

Remember the natural process of fermentation in yogurt breaks down IGF-1, so full-fat yogurt is less likely to trigger acne.

Acne From Washing Your Face Too Much?

PROBLEM: When prone to break-outs, many women try to desperately scrub away oil and sebum build-up. But this can make matters worse.

Cosmetic doctor Mervyn Patterson says the wrong cleansers will dry the skin, causing acne. This is because healthy skin is protected by the “acid mantle”, a fine, slightly acidic film on the surface.

Acne-causing bacteria cannot thrive in an acid environment, but if the skin surface is disrupted by excessive cleansing, the skin becomes alkaline, allowing the bacteria to flourish. This is a particular problem for older women because collagen loss makes their skin thinner, more fragile and naturally less acidic.

“Alkaline soaps and harsh cleansers can easily disturb older skin’s natural barrier,” explains Dr Patterson. “Frequent exfoliation either with abrasive scrubs or harsh acid peels are also damaging and make skin inflamed and sensitive.”

This means that the kind of acne treatments teenagers use to banish their blemishes may simply cause inflammation, redness and soreness in older women.

Acne Prevention Tip:

Avoid soap and foaming cleansers containing sodium lauryl sulfate or sodium laureth sulfate, ingredients that break down oil, but can also damage the skin barrier. Instead, use a gentle wash off cleanser.

Most Cosmetic dermatologists, as Lawrence Jaeger; recommend: “Washing your face no more than twice daily for about 40 to 60 seconds, which is enough time to ensure it’s clean without stripping it.”

Out of the (condom) box bid for AIDS awareness

Lucknow: As red boxes of condom were arranged to form the shape of a knot against blue packets to symbolise the symbol of HIV-AIDS, volunteering students from the Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow attempted to create Guinness World Record during their annual marketing fest INDEX-2014. Using as many as 4,418 condom boxes to create the world’s largest condom mosaic, it was an attempt of IIM Lucknow in collaboration with Uttar Pradesh AIDS Control Society (UPSACS) to spread awareness about AIDS.

Under supervision of an aerial camera giving feedback to Guinness authorities, IIM Lucknow students attempted to break the existing record held by AIDS control society of Hong Kong, which had used 685 condoms packets, in 2009.

“Uttar Pradesh is highly affected with the problem of AIDS, so it is our responsibility towards the society as students of IIM Lucknow to create awareness about an issue that is pertinent and prevalent,” said Aksharee Goyal, part of the 16-member managing committee of the fest.

Creating a mosaic of 20 feet by 10 feet, the student body attempted to go bigger in their 20th edition of INDEX against the existing record of 9 feet by 3.5 feet of the AIDS sign. Opening eyes of the attendees to the marketing fair about the social milieu, the apparent conditions of unprotected sex, the misconceptions and myths around HIV AIDS, the mosaic set forth the agenda of safety and awareness explicitly.

“The idea of the record came from students of IIM Lucknow. Our organization is fighting for the cause of AIDS awareness and we considered it an apt way to connect with the youth on the issue,” said Dr Sangeeta Pandey, joint director UPSAC.

Nukkad natak competition ‘Jaagriti’ was on the same theme, sensitizing people against prejudices about HIV AIDS and giving guidelines for safe sex. As the participating students stood on each other’s shoulders, making direct contact with the audience demanding their attention, pointing out the issues and rumours about AIDS, they not only entertained the audience with their performances but also educated them about relevant HIV facts that go around the society as myths.

The declaration of the Guinness world record attempt will take 3 days for the result to be finalised while the condom boxes shall be later distributed in villages in the vicinity.

Know the Symptoms of STDs

Lawrence Jaeger is an expert Medical Dermatologist in New York City and provides testing and treatment for patients exhibiting symptoms of STDs

No matter if you’re gay, married or single, or if you have sex, you may have a sexually transmitted disease (STD) with subtle or noticeable symptoms.

Although condoms are highly effective for reducing transmission of STDs, no method is foolproof.

STD symptoms aren’t always obvious. Some STDs can be treated easily and eliminated, but others require more involved, long-term treatment.

It’s essential to be evaluated, and — if diagnosed with an STD, also known as a sexually transmitted infection (STI) — get treated. Any partners must be informed as well so that they can be evaluated and treated.

If untreated, STDs can increase your risk of acquiring another STD because it can stimulate an immune response in the genital area or cause sores. Some untreated STDs can also lead to infertility.

STIs Often Are Asymptomatic

You could have an STI and be asymptomatic — without any signs or symptoms. In fact, this happens with a lot of STIs. Even though you have no symptoms, you’re still at risk of passing the infection along to your sex partners. That’s why it’s important to use protection, such as a condom, during sex and visit your doctor on a regular basis for STI screening, so you can identify a potential infection and get treated for it before passing it along to someone else.

Some of the following diseases, such as hepatitis, can be transmitted without sexual contact. Others, such as gonorrhea, can only be transmitted through sexual contact.

Hepatitis Symptoms

Hepatitis A, B and C are all contagious viral infections that affect your liver. Hepatitis B and C are the most serious of the three, but each can cause your liver to become inflamed.

Some people never develop signs or symptoms. But for those who do, signs and symptoms may occur after several weeks and may include:

• Fatigue

• Nausea and vomiting

• Abdominal pain or discomfort, especially in the area of your liver on your right side beneath your lower ribs

• Loss of appetite

• Fever

• Dark urine

• Muscle or joint pain

• Itching

• Yellowing of your skin and the whites of your eyes (jaundice)

Gonorrhea Symptoms

Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection of the genital tract. The first gonorrhea symptoms generally appear within two to 10 days after exposure. However, some people may be infected for months before signs or symptoms occur. Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea may include:

• Thick, cloudy or bloody discharge from the penis or vagina

• Pain or burning sensation when urinating

• Abnormal menstrual bleeding

• Painful, swollen testicles

• Painful bowel movements

• Anal itching

Genital Herpes Symptoms

Genital herpes 0 is highly contagious and caused by a type of the herpes simplex virus (HSV). HSV enters your body through small breaks in your skin or mucous membranes. Most people with HSV never know they have it, because they have no signs or symptoms. The signs and symptoms of HSV can be so mild they go unnoticed. When signs and symptoms are noticeable, the first episode is generally the worst. Some people never experience a second episode. Other people, however, can experience recurrent episodes over a period of decades.

When present, genital herpes signs and symptoms may include:

• Small, red bumps, blisters (vesicles) or open sores (ulcers) in the genital, anal and nearby areas

• Pain or itching around the genital area, buttocks and inner thighs

The initial symptom of genital herpes usually is pain or itching, beginning within a few weeks after exposure to an infected sexual partner. After several days, small, red bumps may appear. They then rupture, becoming ulcers that ooze or bleed. Eventually, scabs form and the ulcers heal.

In women, sores can erupt in the vaginal area, external genitals, buttocks, anus or cervix. In men, sores can appear on the penis, scrotum, buttocks, anus or thighs, or inside the urethra, the tube from the bladder through the penis.

While you have ulcers, it may be painful to urinate. You may also experience pain and tenderness in your genital area until the infection clears. During an initial episode, you may have flu-like signs and symptoms, such as headache, muscle aches and fever, as well as swollen lymph nodes in your groin.

In some cases, the infection can be active and contagious even when sores aren’t present.

Genital warts (HPV infection) Symptoms

Genital warts, caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), are one of the most common types of STDs. The signs and symptoms of genital warts include:

• Small, flesh-colored or gray swellings in your genital area

• Several warts close together that take on a cauliflower shape

• Itching or discomfort in your genital area

• Bleeding with intercourse

Often, however, genital warts cause no symptoms. Genital warts may be as small as 1 millimeter in diameter or may multiply into large clusters.

In women, genital warts can grow on the vulva, the walls of the vagina, the area between the external genitals and the anus, and the cervix. In men, they may occur on the tip or shaft of the penis, the scrotum, or the anus. Genital warts can also develop in the mouth or throat of a person who has had oral sex with an infected person.

Chlamydia Symptoms

Chlamydia is a bacterial infection of your genital tract. Chlamydia may be difficult for you to detect because early-stage infections often cause few or no signs and symptoms. When they do occur, they usually start one to three weeks after you’ve been exposed to chlamydia. Even when signs and symptoms do occur, they’re often mild and passing, making them easy to overlook.

Signs and symptoms may include:

• Painful urination

• Lower abdominal pain

• Vaginal discharge

• Discharge from the penis

• Pain during sexual intercourse in women

• Testicular pain

Trichomoniasis symptoms

Trichomoniasis is a common STI caused by a microscopic, one-celled parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. This organism spreads during sexual intercourse. The organism usually infects the urinary tract in men, but often causes no symptoms in men. Trichomoniasis typically infects the vagina in women. When trichomoniasis causes symptoms, they may range from mild irritation to severe inflammation. Signs and symptoms may include:

• Clear, white, greenish or yellowish vaginal discharge

• Discharge from the penis

• Strong vaginal odor

• Vaginal itching or irritation

• Itching or irritation inside the penis

• Pain during sexual intercourse

• Painful urination

If you suspect you have these or other STIs or that you may have been exposed to one, see your doctor for STI testing. Timely diagnosis and treatment are important to avoid or delay more-severe, potentially life-threatening health problems and to avoid infecting others.